The NYMAS Newsletter
A Publication of
The New York Military Affairs Symposium
Combined Fleet Decoded Wins 95 Book Award
In June, the NYMAS editorial committee voted to give the 1995 NYMAS "Best Book" Award to Combined Fleet Decoded: The Secret History of American Intelligence and the Imperial Japanese Navy in World War II, by John Prados (New York: Random House, 1995), an examination of intelligence efforts by American and Allied forces with an account of how these efforts influenced the course of the war. An important and welcome addition to the literature on the Pacific War, Combined Fleet Decoded received the unanimous approval of the members of the editorial committee.
Dr. Prados, who has spoken before NYMAS several times, will address the members on the subject of his book on 18 October, at the CUNY Graduate Center, at which time he will be presented with his award.
Instituted in 1991, the NYMAS "Best Book" Award is been granted annually to an original work in military history which, in the opinion of the members of the NYMAS editorial committee, is of unusual value. Previous winners have been:
1991 - Edward S. Miller, War Plan Orange: The U.S. Strategy to Defeat Japan, 1897-1945 (Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1991).
1992 - James S. Corum, The Roots of Blitzkrieg: Hans von Seekt and German Military Reform (Lawrence, Ks: University Press of Kansas, 1992).
1993 - Jeffry D. Wert, General James Longstreet: The Confederacy's Most Controversial Soldier (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1993).
1994 - Michael D. Doubler, Closing with the Enemy: How GIs Fought the War in Europe, 1944-1945 (Lawrence, Ks: University of Kansas Press, 1994).
Crisis at Fort Hamilton
Ongoing budget cuts have endangered the future of the Harbor Defense Museum at Fort Hamilton. As of 1 October 1996 the Museum will be open only on Tuesdays and Thursdays, plus the first Saturday of every month. This arrangement will expire at the end of the fiscal year, 30 September 1997, at which point further cuts may close the facility entirely.
Housed in a unique example of an early nineteenth century caponier, the Harbor Defense Museum is devoted the seaward defenses of the Port of New York from colonial times until the Cold War. In addition, it has exhibits on New York in various wars, and has a small, but valuable research library.
The critical problem in the survival of the museum is finding funding for a curator. While the collection belongs to the Armys Center of Military History, which has agreed to maintain it, the staffing is paid for by the Fort Hamilton operating budget. As recently as three years ago there were three full time staff members.
NYMAS members are encouraged to contact their representatives and senators. Stress the educational importance of the museum, which is visited by thousands of school children each year, plus the disproportionate way in which cuts in defense spending have been inflicted upon New York City.
You might also mention the historic importance of the museum, which is New York specific, and of the post, which is the second oldest in continuous service in the Army.
The First Team and the Guadalcanal Campaign: Naval Fighter Combat from August to November 1942, by John B. Lundstrom Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1994. 626pp. Maps, illus, append., notes, bibliog., index. $44.95
This fine work is a sequel to Lundstroms earlier study of naval air combat during the first six months of the Pacific War, The First Team. As in that work, Lundstrom gives thorough and exhaustive coverage of the air battles during the Guadalcanal Campaign. The author manages to almost personally introduce the reader to the U.S. Navy and Marine pilots who won the air campaign over Guadalcanal against the best the Japanese had to offer.
Lundstroms work with Japanese sources gives the reader valuable insights into an often neglected side of the campaign. In fact, given the difficulties that the Japanese were faced with, one can easily come away amazed that they were able to fight for Guadalcancal as long as they did.
The book somewhat controversial. This is particularly apparent in Lundstroms spirited defense of the conduct of Vice Admiral Frank Jack Fletcher, particularly of his decision to withdraw his carriers to the waters south of Guadalcanal on the night of 8 August 1942, a decision that has been long criticized by naval and military historians.
In short, this is the best single history of air combat during the Guadalcanal Campaign. For anyone with more than a passing interest in the Pacific War, this book is an absolute "must read."
The Chaco War: Bolivia and Paraguay, 1932-1935, by Bruce W. Farcau. Westport, CT: Praeger, 1996. xii, 254pp. Map, notes, bibliog., index. $59.95. ISBN: 0-275-95218-5.
The best treatment to date of the bloody, forgotten struggle for the desolate Chaco, the only protracted conventional war in the Western Hemisphere in this century. Farcau, a Foreign Service officer, has managed to weave into his account of the war an enormous amount of political and cultural information, as well as a detailed treatment of military operations. He takes a good look at the wars origins, which resulted, as is so often the case, in a series of political maneuvers and decisions, initiating trends that the leaders on neither side could fully control.
Farcaus account of military operations, while not as detailed as that found in David H. Zooks, The Conduct of the Chaco War (New Haven: 1960), is adequate and clear, and the author demonstrates much greater skill at writing a battlepiece, that is both understandable and moving.
The principal flaw in the book is the virtual complete lack of maps, there being only one which does a poor job of illustrating the main strategic moves. This aside, a most valuable work.
A Biographical Dictionary of World War II Generals and Flag Officers: The U.S. Armed Forces, by R. Manning Ancell with Christine M. Miller. Westport, CT: Greenwood: 1996. xi, 706pp. Appendices. $95.00. ISBN: 0-313-29546-8
A useful work that covers most, but not all generals and flag officers of the Army, Army Air Forces, National Guard, Navy, Coast Guard, and Marine Corps on active duty at any time during World War II. There are some notable omissions, such as Commodore Dudley W. Knox, the Chief of Naval History. There are also a number of minor errors of fact, such as giving the date of AAF MG Clarence L. Tinkers death as 7 June 1943, precisely one year too late.
A more serious failing, however, is that the compilers, neither of whom is a military historian, often fail to indicate when one of the men listed was the son or grandson of a prominent officer. While correctly noting that General of the Army Douglas MacArthur was the son of MG Arthur MacArthur, and MG Sherman Miles the son of LTG Nelson A. Miles, the entry for MG James G. Ord neglects to mention that he was the grandson of Civil War MG Edward O. C. Ord, or that his father was killed in action during the attack on San Juan Hill in 1898. Worse, AAF BG Nathan Bedford Forrest is not indicated as the grandson of the Confederate lieutenant general of the same name. Likewise, there is no mention that the father of Marine MG Litttleton W. T. Waller, Jr., also a Marine major general, was involved in of one of the most controversial courts martial in American history. There are other important omissions of personal data as well, such as the fact that the son of LTG Alexander Patch was killed in action, or that MG Julius Ochs Adler not only worked for the New York Times but was a member of the family that owned the paper.
Despite these limitations, a valuable work for anyone seriously interested in the role of the U.S. Armed Forces in World War II.
Quotation from Chairman
There are no men who understand themselves better than soldiers and priests.
On 19 September 1356 King Jean II le bon of France (1350-1364) was taken prisoner by the English under Edward, the famed "Black Prince", at the Battle of Poitiers. It being the custom of the times, the Royal Prisoner was held for ransom to the tune of 3,000,000 crowns, perhaps $200,000,000 to $250,000,000 in contemporary terms. Such an enormous sum could not be paid readily by the French treasury, which was never noted for its health. So the King was held in England.
Now being a prisoner of war has never been easy. But Jean was a King, and it was the "Age of Chivalry", after all. Indeed, from the very first night he was in English hands, the King was treated precisely as he was accustomed to be being treated, like a king, and his "host", Prince Edward, personally waited upon him at table.
In England, the King was lionized by London society before being sent off to Lincolnshire to wile away the days until his ransom could be collected and paid. He was assigned a pleasant castle and guarded but lightly, having given his word that he would not escape. A man of honor, though little intelligence and no sense, he kept his word scrupulously. Not that his incarceration was particularly onerous. The King spent his time playing music, hunting, at the chess or backgammon board, entertaining, and in similar diversions. He was well supplied with all of the necessities of life, including chests, cushions, tapestries, curtains, dogs, horses, falcons, wines, spices, sweets, and robes, all of the finest quality--one robe is alleged to have been made from 2500 selected skins--, in addition to being provided with a small personal staff, including two chaplains, one secretary, a clerk, a physician, a maitre d'hotel, three pages, four valets, three wardrobemen, three furriers, six grooms, two cooks, a fruitier, a spicer, a barber, a laundryman, a minstrel, a jester, and one of his sons. In such fashion did the King pass four years of imprisonment. Then, in 1360, the Peace of Bretigny was concluded, bringing to an end the current phase of the Hundred Years War (1337-1453).
Under the terms of the peace, King Jean was permitted to return to France to assist in collecting his ransom, though his son had to remain behind to stand surety for him. Off went the King to France, where he discovered that the Royal finances were in abysmal condition. Although he set about raising money immediately, he could never seem to accumulate much, which is reasonable given that he usually spent more than he had anyway. Meanwhile, his son over in England was growing tired of being in a cage, albeit a gilded one. So one fine night off he slipped, escaping to France. His escape shocked the sensibilities of the chivalrous, though what the merely intelligent thought of it goes unrecorded. The King, stunned, did what any man of honor would do, he immediately returned to England and imprisonment, causing a sensation even greater than that created when his son escaped, and being held up as an example of the proper chivalrous gentleman, regardless of his lack of sense.
Alas for chivalry, the King died soon after, never having returned to France, but much mourned, save perhaps by the English Chancellor of the Exchequer, who had, after all, to find the money the keep the Royal prisoner royally.
The Civil War Bookshelf
The unabated, indeed increasing, flood of books on the Civil War continues, demonstrating the importance that the great struggle had for the fate of the nation. Several relatively recent works are of particular interest.
Cushing of Gettysburg: The Story of a Union Artillery Commander, by Kent Masterson Brown. Lexington, Ky: The University Press of Kentucky, 1993. xiii, 330pp. Maps, illus, append., notes, bibliog., index. $32.00. ISBN: 0-8131-1837-9.
The author has fashioned not merely a biography of Alonzo Cushing (1841-1863), one of the notable heroes of the Battle of Gettysburg, but also a picture of life in mid-nineteenth century America, a look at West Point on the eve of the Civil War, and a great deal of material on the trade of artilleryman in the period. A valuable book for the student of the Civil War.
The Confederacys Fighting Chaplain: Father John B. Bannon, by Phillip Thomas Tucker. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press: 1992. xiii, 254pp. Illus, notes, biblio, index. $32.95. ISBN: 0-8173-0573-4.
An interesting, readable biography one of the more unusual minor figures in the Civil War, an immigrant Irish priest who took up the cause of the Confederacy with considerable vigor. Not only did Father Bannon serve as a chaplain in the front lines, but he also undertook a mission to Europe, in an effort to stem what the Confederacy believed was a flood of Irish immigrants into the Union ranks. Worth reading for Civil War buffs.
Pickett: Leader of the Charge by Edward G. Longacre. Shippensburg, Pa: White Mane, 1995. xiv, 242pp. Illus, maps, notes, bibliog., index. $29.95. ISBN: 1-57249-006-3.
Edward Longacre, historian of the cavalry at Gettysburg, and biographer of John Buford, has written a valuable, detailed life of George Pickett, the man whose name seems forever linked to what was in fact Robert E. Lees disastrous frontal attack at Gettysburg on 3 July 1863. This is a real biography, delving into Picketts background and personal life as well as his professional career, breaking a good deal of new ground. Worth reading, particularly for those interested in Gettysburg.
Victory Rode the Rails: The Strategic Place of the Railroads in the Civil War by George Edgar Turner. Lincoln: University of Nebraska, 1992. xii, 419pp. Illus, maps, notes, bibl., index. Paper, no price given. ISBN: 0-8032-9423-9.
Anyone interested in the Civil War, or nineteenth century warfare in general, who has not read this old work (1953) has missed one of the most valuable discussions of the conduct of war in the period.
Iron Brigade General: John Gibbon, A Rebel in Blue by Dennis S. Lavery and Mark H. Jordan. Westport, Ct.: Greenwood Press, 1992. xx, 206pp. Illus, maps, notes, bibl., index. $49.95. ISBN: 0-313-28576-4.
An important biography of a very neglected Civil War commander, John Gibbon. The book presents a excellent overview of Gibbons career, and includes some very well written treatments of tactical incidents. The book is quite readable, and is likely to be of interest to the Civil War buff as well as to the professional scholar.
Confederate Florida: The Road to Olustee, by William H. Nulty. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 1990. xi, 288. Illus, maps, notes, bibliog., index. $19.95 paper. ISBN: 0-8172-0748-6.
An important look at one of the more neglected theaters of the Civil War. The work looks at how Florida, virtually abandoned by the Confederate central government, strove to raise local defense forces and its role in supporting the Confederate war effort. There is extensive coverage of military operations, and a detailed treatment of the Battle of Olustee (20 February 1864), one of the most sanguinary of the war (Union casualties amounted to some 40% of these engaged), as well as the occasion for the second notable feat of arms by the 54th Massachusetts Volunteers.
Confederate Raider in the North Pacific: The Saga of the C.S.S. Shenandoah, 1864-1865, by Murray Morgan. Pullman, WA: Washington State University Press, 1995. 336pp. Map, Illus, bibliog.
Originally published in 1948, this valuable work on the cruiser Shenandoah has been brought back into print with some minor corrections. Although somewhat dated, it remains one of the best treatments of a Confederate raider, and a good account of life in the naval service at the time. It should be read by anyone interested in the Civil War at Sea.
Tsar Paul of Russia (r. 1796-1801) was taking a turn in the Imperial sleigh one fine winter's night when he chanced upon a private of the Guard standing sentry duty. The Tsar generously offered the man a ride, saying "Get in, Sergeant!" The man protested, "But, Your Majesty, I am only a . . . ", but the Tsar cut him off with, "Get in, Lieutenant!"
Upon this preemptory order from his Tsar and Autocrat, the young soldier climbed into the sleigh and sat beside the "Little Father" of all the Russias and off they drove. During the night-long ride the astonished guardsman found himself promoted successively through the ranks each time the Tsar addressed him, until sunrise, when Paul dropped him off at the barracks as a general.
The young soldier passed the next few days enjoying the rights and privileges of his newly acquired exaulted rank. Then, one afternoon, the Tsar again invited him for a ride, and the young man was demoted as rapidly as he had
risen until, when the Tsar returned him to the barracks at nightfall, he had been restored to his original humble rank. There are some who say that, like many another Tsar, Paul was a little mad.
Short Rounds: Brief Reviews of Some Recent Military Books
The Making of Strategy: Rulers, States, and War, edited by Williamson Murray, MacGregor Knox, and Alvin Bernstein. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994. xiv, 680pp. Maps, tables, notes, index. No price given. ISBN: 0-521-45389-5.
A very valuable collection of 19 essays on the strategy adopted by states ranging from Athens in the Peloponnesian War to the U.S. in the nuclear age, by an impressive array of scholars who include not only the editors, but also Donald Kagan, Geoffrey Parker, and others. Important reading for the serious student of military history.
A Military History of Ireland, edited by Thomas Bartlett and Keith Jeffrey. Cambridge/New York/Melbourne: The Cambridge University Press, 1996. xxv, 565pp. Maps, illus, tables, noes, bibliog, index. $49.95. ISBN: 0-521-41599-3.
Following an introductory essay that explores the question "An Irish Military Tradition?," there are eighteen deeply scholarly papers that probe the military history of Ireland from dimmest past to the current "Troubles." Although some attention is paid to social and economic influences, the focus throughout is on policy, military institutions, and war, as practiced in Ireland, with one essay devoted to the famed "Wild Geese," the Irish mercenaries who served in the armies for France and Spain during the period 1600-1800. The essays are all of high quality, with considerable detail. Maps are numerous and excellent..
Eyewitness to the Alamo by Bill Groneman. Plano, Texas: Republic of Texas Press: 1996. x, 267pp. Illus, maps, diagr, notes, bibliog., index. $12.95. ISBN: 1-55622-502-4.
A useful reprinting of some of the more notable eyewitness accounts of the siege and capture of the Alamo in San Antonio in February-March 1836. To his credit, the editor includes materials which he argues are bogus, though about the validity of which other scholars take little issue. Worthwhile for those interested in the Texas Revolution.
Buffalo Soldiers: The 92nd Infantry Division and Reinforcements in World War II, 1942-1945 by Thomas St. John Arnold. Manhattan, Ks: Sunflower University Press, 1990. ix, 245pp. Maps, illus, notes, append, index. Paper - no price given. ISBN: 0-89745-127-9.
An interesting, but not entirely satisfying history of the 92nd Division, which was composed largely of black personnel, but to which was attached regiments of Nisei and white American troops. The book has a lot to offer, however, in terms of tactical detail, information on training, and for its look at a very neglected outfit. However, the author fails to address the most interesting questions about the division, its racial composition, the quality of its leadership, and its problems in the field. In addition, it desperately needed an editor experienced in handling military materials. Useful for the World War II specialist and those interested in the role of minorities in the army.
Fort Kamehameha: The Story of the Harbor Defenses of Pearl Harbor by William H. Dorrance. Shippenburg, Pa: White Mane, 1993. x, 162pp. Illus, maps, diagr., tables, append., notes, bibl., index. $22.50. ISBN: 0-942597-51-6.
An important study of a neglected aspect of American defense policy in the 20th century, coastal fortifications. Although devoted specifically to the defenses of Oahu and Pearl Harbor, the author manages to cover most of the critical trends in American coast defense policy, including things like mobile searchlights, battery location, railroad construction, and so forth. Principally of value for the specialist.
The Militia and the National Guard in America Since Colonial Times: A Research Guide by Jerry Cooper. Westport, Ct.: Greenwood, 1993. xi, 185pp. Notes, bibl., index. $59.95. ISBN: 0-313-27721-4.
As the only published bibliography on the subject, Coopers book is useful. However, it is by no means a complete guide to secondary materials on the militia and National Guard, omitting such works as R. Ernest Dupuy, The National Guard: A Compact History (New York: Hawthorn Books, 1972).
From Sumer to Rome: The Military Capabilities of Ancient Armies by Richard A. Gabriel and Karen S. Metz. Westport, Ct.: Greenwood, 1991. xxi, 182. Illus., tables, notes, bibl., index. $49.95. ISBN: 0-313-27645-5.
An important, but flawed look at ancient warfare. The basic thesis, that ancient armies were in many way more capable than Medieval ones, is essentially sound. However, the book abounds with minor errors of fact (e.g., the Roman war with Carthage lasted "200 years," the range of a Napoleonic era 8-pounder is "300 yards, etc.), has numerous typographical and grammatical errors, and fails to address the reasons for the superior logistical abilities of many ancient armies, while relying perhaps a little to uncritically upon some of the numbers commonly cited in the classics.
Buffalo Soldiers, Braves, and Brass: The History of Fort Robinson, Nebraska by Frank N. Schubert. Shippenburg, Pa: White Mane, 1993. Illus, maps, notes, bibl., index. $27.95. ISBN: 0-942597-44-3.
A valuable contribution to the history of the frontier army, with particular reference to black troops. The book more than just a look at the military history of Fort Robinson, and the regimentsmostly blackthat served in it. There is an enormous amount of material on the social, administrative, and economic life of the military and civilian population of the fort and its environs, without ignoring operational and organizational history. A valuable book for anyone interested in the frontier army, black troops, or the history of military administration.
The Harmon Memorial Lectures in Military History, 1959-1987 edited by Harry R. Borowski. Washington: Office of Air Force Histoy, 1988. xxi, 608pp. Illus, notes, index. No price indicated. ISBN: 0-91279-58-7.
A collection of 31 critical essays on various aspects of military history, by no means confined to the Air Force, or even the U.S. military. The essays are all solid discussions, ranging from "Soldiering in Tsarist Russia" to "Napoleon and Maneuver Warfare," and are by such distinguished scholars as Sir Michael Howard, Cordon A. Craig, and Russell F. Weigley. Very interesting.
New References of Note
Historical Dictionary of the Spanish-American War, by Donald M. Dyal. Westport, Ct: Greenwood, 1996. xiv, 376pp. References, bibliographic essay, index. $89.50. ISBN: 0-313-28852-6.
A valuable adjunct for anyone seriously interested in the 1898 war with Spain. The coverage is excellent, and often in considerable detail. Moreover, unlike many works on the subject the treatment accorded the Spanish side is excellent, and there is adequate coverage of the Cuban and Filipino revolutionaries as well. One of the best dictionaries of its type available.
Cavalry Yellow and Infantry Blue: Army Officers in Arizona between 1851 and 1885, by Constance Wynn Altshuler. Tuscon: Arizona Historical Society, 1996. xii, 406pp. Bibliog., index. $45.00 ISBN: 0-910037+28-0.
A useful guide not only for those interested in the history of the frontier, but also those with an interest in the Civil War and Spanish-American War, since many of the officers prominent in those conflicts saw service in Arizona during the period under study.
Register of Ships of the U.S. Navy, 1775-1990: Major Combatants, by K. Jack Bauer and Stephen S. Roberts. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1991. xxiii, 305pp. Abbr, illus, tables, index. $89.50. ISBN: 0-313-26202-0.
A very hand reference guide to every important combatant vessel in the U.S. Navy since its beginning, including prizes, ships never completed, and even armed merchantmen. Although lacking ship diagrams, the treatment is otherwise excellent, with considerable detail. Of particular value for its coverage of the "Old Navy," before the Civil War, the work is nevertheless useful for anyone interested in American Naval History.
Charles Oudinot: World Record Holder
Charles Oudinot (1767-1847) entered the French Royal Army as a private in 1784. During the subsequent Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars he rose rapidly, emerging as Duc de Reggio and Marechal de France. A brave man, Oudinot, was introduced by Napoleon to Tsar Alexander I as the very "Bayard" of the French Army.
The Marshal appears to have been the most wounded man, and certainly the most wounded senior officer in the long wars, being injured in combat 24 times over a period of 21 years (1793-1814), or roughly once every ten months.. In addition to an impressive number of bullet and saber wounds, the Marshal once suffered a broken leg in action, and was once almost finished off by a cannon ball.
Year Ball Saber Other Total
1793 1 1
1794 1 1
1795 1 5 6
1796 1 4 5
1799 3 3
1805 1 1
1807 1* 1
1809 1 1
1812 3 3
1814 1 1** 2
Total 13 9 2 24
* Incurred a broken leg while leading a charge.
** Severely injured by a cannon ball
The runner up in this dubious sweepstakes was probably Marshal Emmanuel Grouchy. Grouchy, who arguably dropped the ball during the Waterloo Campaign, claimed 18 wounds, but 14 of these were all inflicted on the same occasion.
Despite his propensity for being wounded, Oudinot lived to a ripe old age, giving up the ghost in 1847 at the age of 80.
NYMAS Membership Notes
Treasurer Dr. Richard L. DiNardo has recently completed a two year term as Visiting Professor of Military History at the Air Command and Staff College, and has returned to his post as Professor of History at St. Peters College. His essay "Some Cautionary Thoughts on Information Warfare," done in collaboration with Daniel J. Hughes, appeared in the Winter 1995 issue of Airpower Journal.
Dr. Brian Sullivan, former NYMAS President, has an essay, "The Strategy of the Decisive Weight: Italy, 1882-1922," in The Making of Strategy: Rulers, States, and War, edited by Williamson Murray, MacGregor Knox, and Alvin Bernstein, reviewed above.
Member James F. Dunnigan has a new book out, Digital Soldiers (New York: Morrow, 1996), dealing with electronic warfare. The Pacific War Encyclopedia, done in collaboration with Secretary Dr. Albert A. Nofi, will be out in 1997 from Facts-on-File. Dr. Nofis The 1898 Campaign will be published shortly. He is currently working on The Marine Corps Book of Lists. On 30 October he will be addressing the Fort Hamilton Historical Society on the subject "New York in the Spanish-American War,"
and on 2 January the North Shore Civil War Round Table, in Huntington, on "The Civil War Presidents."
Secret Weapon: U.S. High Frequency Direction Finding in the Battle of the Atlantic, by member Dr. Kathleen Williams, has just been published by the Naval Institute Press. Dr. Williams, who has recently been appointed to an assistant professorship at Bronx Community College, is the recipient of a grant from the CUNY Womens Research and Development Fund, for a study on women and the development of U.S. naval technology during World War II. Pursuant to this grant, Dr. Williams, and NYMAS boardmember Kay Larson, author of the recent "Til I Come Marching Home," spent a week in the National Archives, at College Park, Maryland in late summer.
The 1997 Annual Conference
Scheduled to coincide with the annual meeting of the American Historical Association, the NYMAS 1997 annual conference, "New Perspectives on the Great War," will be held on Satruday, 4 January 1997, at the Williams Club, on 39th Street in Manhattan. Papers will be presented by former NYMAS President Brian Sullivan, Society for Military History Vice President Dennis Showalter, and several other noted scholars of World War I.
1 Nov: NYMAS lecture, Maj Mark Gerges on "Medina Ridge," at the CUNY Graduate Center
15 Nov: NYMAS lecture, Maj Mike Connell, on "Military Trends in the Middle East"
22 Nov: NYMAS lecture, James A Mowbry, on "RAF Doctrine, 1918-1939"
30 Oct: Ft Hamilton lecture, Albert A. Nofi on "New York in the Spanish-American War."
13 Dec: NYMAS Lecture, Richard L. DiNardo on "Braxton Bragg beyond Chickamauga."
2 JAN: North Shore Civil War Round Table Lecture, Albert A. Nofi on "The Civil War Presidents."
NYMAS is a tax exempt, not-for-profit membership corporation chartered under the laws of New York State. Donations are deductible from both Federal and New York State taxes. Membership dues are $35.00 a year, payable in September. Checks should be made out to "NYMAS" and mailed to:
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