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The New York Military Affairs Symposium
NYMAS Longstreet Conference Papers to Be Published
On 2 July 1998 Combined Books of Conshohocken, Pennsylvania, will publish Longstreet Revisited: An Inquiry into the Career and Historical Reputation of James Longstreet.
Edited by NYMAS Treasurer Prof. Richard L. DiNardo and NYMAS Secretary Dr. Albert A. Nofi, Longstreet Reconsidered is a collection of papers based on those presented at the joint NYMAS-Longstreet Society Conference held on 9 October 1993 at the Williams Club, in New York City.
Longstreet Reconsidered includes essays by several distinguished Civil War scholars, including Jeffrey D. Wert, author of General James Longstreet: The Confederacy's Most Controversial Soldier, James R. Furqueron, author of several articles and monographs on the Civil War, Edgar Allan Poe, and Ambrose Bierce, and Prof. William Garret Piston, author of Lees Tarnished Lieutenant.
The book includes an introduction, "History, Politics, and General Longstreet," by Dr. Nofi, and six essays.
" James Longstreet, the Modern Soldier, and "Longstreet and Jackson Compared: Corps Staffs and the Exercise of Command in the Army of Northern Virginia," by Prof. DiNardo, examine Longstreet against the background of the changing conduct of war in his times.
"No 15,000 Men Can Take that Hill: Longstreet at Gettysburg," by Mr. Wert, takes a look at what became the most controversial epode in Longstreets career, the attack at Gettysburg on 2 July 1863 that has come to be known as "Picketts Charge."
"The Bull of the Woods: Longstreet and the Confederate Left at Chickamauga," by Mr. Furqueron, deals with Longstreets role in the great Confederate victory in the West in September of 1863.
"Petticoats, Promotions, and Military Assignments: Favoritism and the Antebellum Career of James Longstreet," by Prof. Piston, examines an often overlooked aspect of life in the early days of the Republic, the role of "influence" in public life. Prof. Pistons "Marked in Bronze: James Longstreet and Southern History," which concludes the volume, deals with highly successful postwar effort to besmirch Longstreets reputation.
The publication date has been chosen to coincide with the dedication of the Longstreet Memorial, at the Gettysburg National Battlefield Park, on 2 July 1998. This will be the last monument erected at Gettysburg, and several of the contributors to Longstreet Revisited will be present for the ceremonies. By agreement among the authors and the publishers, proceeds from the sale of the book will be divided between the Longstreet Society and NYMAS.
On 3 March 1847 Congress authorized the addition of several generals to the army for the duration of the Mexican War. Surprisingly, considering the normal willingness of soldiers to accept high rank, filling one of the new positions proved surprisingly difficult. A major generalcy was offered to the experienced Sam Houston, who turned it down, having a preference for remaining as governor of his beloved Texas. The assignment was then offered to Texas Senator Thomas J. Rusk, a seasoned soldier (and ancestor of former Secretary of State Dean Rusk), but he also turned it down, preferring to remain in the Senate. President Polk then turned to Senator Thomas Hart Benton, one of the leading hawks of the day and the most powerful man in Congress, who was known to covet the post. Remarkably, Benton also turned it down, since it did not include supreme command of the Mexican Expeditionary Force, a post wisely assigned to the veteran Winfield Scott. Finally, after three false starts, the slot was offered to, and accepted by, Gideon Pillow, a man of no military experience, who proved an inadequate commander and a disloyal subordinate, but who happened to be the President's law partner.
James Longstreet in the West
Judith Lee Hallock
There is an old saying that good things come in small packages. Unfortunately, one cannot say that about this vicious little book.
It amounts to nothing more than a rant, trying to denigrate every action by Longstreet during both the Chickamauga and Knoxville campaigns. It is marked by scholarship that can only be described as extraordinarily poor.
In the Chickamauga campaign, Longstreet is depicted as going west solely for selfish reasons, that is, to unseat Braxton Bragg as commander of the Army of Tennessee. To be sure, Longstreet did see going to the Army of Tennessee as a chance for advancement and independent command. In most other generals, such a desire might simply be described as normal ambition. With Longstreet, however, it becomes the epitome of selfishness and self-seeking. Hallock, however, does not even stop there. In her view, Longstreet's going to the Army of Tennessee was part of a vast conspiracy to engineer Bragg's removal, which even included the involvement of Robert E. Lee, an assertion for which there is not a scintilla of evidence.
Hallock depicts Longstreet as being in one continuous sulk from the time he stepped off the train at Catoosa Platform, Georgia, on 19 September 1863. This is understandable, given the fact that Bragg failed to send a staff officer to guide Longstreet to the battlefield (a faux pas that Hallock thinks insignificant), compelling Longstreet to find Bragg's headquarters alone in the dark, a trip which nearly resulted in Longstreet's capture when he nearly rode into the Federal lines by accident. As for the climactic attack on the 20th which won the battle for the Confederates, Hallock has come up with a truly original interpretation; Longstreet was lucky, and the credit should really go to Bragg! She attributes Longstreet's deep assault column to simple luck. She gives Bragg the credit by saying the assault by A.P. Stewart's Division, which Bragg ordered before Longstreet sent in the major assault column, really marked the start of the attack that won the battle. Here again, Hallocks facts do not support her argument.
Stewart's attack had already spent itself and his troops were falling back when Longstreet sent in his assault column, which struck the recently created hole in the Union line.
Hallock then charges that Longstreet fabricated a meeting between himself and Bragg on the afternoon of the 20th, during which Bragg virtually abdicated the direction of the battle and rode back to his headquarters. Hallock bases her accusation on the fact that Longstreet places Bragg's headquarters on the Reed's Bridge Road. She asserts that Bragg's headquarters was actually back at Thedford's Ford, several miles away, because most of the dispatches from Bragg were headed "In the field." The problem with her interpretation is that the facts support Longstreet. Several reports, including Bragg's own, and letters clearly show that in the early morning hours of the 20th, Bragg moved his headquarters from Thedford's Ford to a large field next to the Reed's Bridge Road, a spot even marked as Bragg's headquarters by a monument erected by the Chickamauga Battlefield Commission. Hallock has made an error in research that one would not even expect of a first year graduate student.
When it comes to matters such as Wauhatchie and the subsequent Knoxville campaign, Hallock's criticisms of Longstreet are on firmer ground. But she grossly overplays her hand. To be sure, Longstreet's performance at Wauhatchie was poor, arguably his worst as a combat commander in the war. Also, in East Tennessee Longstreet did engage in shabby squabbles with some of his subordinates. How this made Longstreet any different from other Civil War generals who engaged in this kind of behavior seems to escape the vigilance of Professor Hallock.
Hallock, however, then overplays her criticism of Longstreet in East Tennessee. She suggests that he should have taken Knoxville, and could have done so rather easily at that. This overlooks two rather important considerations. First, Knoxville was heavily fortified, and, second, that Union commander Ambrose Burnside had a force about twice the size of the 15,000 men under Longstreet. Longstreet's only chance, and a rather long one at that, would have come only if Burnside was so obliging to emerge from his fortifications and give battle in the open, something he was not about to do. Oddly, here Hallock ignores one criticism of Longstreet that could have been leveled with justification, namely that the attack on Fort Sanders should not have been made at all.
Hallock then goes on to discuss how the failed campaign in East Tennessee damaged the relationship between Longstreet and his troops. She cites no letters or diaries of officers and men actually in the First Corps, but rather relies on that most reliable of sources, Mary Chesnut, the Hedda Hopper of Dixie!
To conclude, this rotten little book should stand as a masterpiece of what Civil War history should not be. It is a tissue of errors, half-truths and innuendo, marked by a level of research that would embarrass most serious undergraduates. Civil War history can seldom get worse than this.
James Longstreet in the West: A Monumental Failure, by Judith Lee Hallock. Boulder, CO: Ryan Place Publishers, 1995. 134 pp., illus., maps. $11.95.
German Army Butcher Platoons
Napoleon is supposed to have said, "An army marches on its stomach." His troops ate bread most of the time. Food supply arrangements have come a long way since. In the twentieth century most armies try to give their brave boys a more varied, and more nutritious diet. In addition to bakery units many armies now include self-contained mobile butchering [of animals, not of people] detachments. These units are able to process enormous numbers of rations. The capacities of the German Army's World War II "Butcher Platoon" are fairly typical of such organizations.
Daily Processing Capacity
German Army Butcher Platoon
Type of Livestock
Beef Pigs Sheep
Live Weight (pds) 1,000 300 80
Maximum Head 40 80 240
Ration Yield 40,000 24,000 19,000
In practice, dressed weight is about half live weight. The work involved in killing and dressing 40 beeves is considerably less than that involved in processing twice as many pigs or six times as many sheep, while the yield in rations of about a pound per man is considerably greater. The ration yield from a single sheep is 8%, and that from a pig only 30% that from a single beef cattle. Of course, in practical terms a typical butcher platoon might not be able to operate at maximum efficiency, being forced to process various numbers of beeves, pigs, and sheep simultaneously, rather than concentrating on a single type of livestock. And, of course, sometimes they had to process horses. While figures for the latter are not officially available, it appears that a single 1,200 pound draught horse would yield fewer rations than a proper beef of equivalent weight, while being more difficult to handle and process, so that daily ration production would decline if horses had to be slaughtered. On the other hand, since an army reduced to eating its horses is probably already on short rations, the difference may not matter much, except to the horses.
Quotation from Chairman
"Inevitable wars are always just."
Reporting World War II, American Journalism, 1938-1946, edited by Samuel Hynes, Anne Matthews, Nacy Caldwell Sorel, and Roger J. Spiller. New York: The Library of America, 1995. Two volumes. Maps, chronology, bio notes, glossary, notes, index. No price given. ISBN: 1-883011-04-3 and 1-883011-05-1.
An anthology of newspaper dispatches covering everything from the Munich Crisis to Hiroshima, by journalists famous and obscure. Many of the pieces are well chosen, others seem to have been selected for their "political correctness," to insure representation from women and black journalists, who in fact numbered far fewer than their presence in the volume would suggest.
Although many of the pieces are valuable, the book suffers from a lack of historical commentary. In fact, most of the pieces are in error when describing particular events, and there is no indication of this fact. As none of the editors were military historians, the source of this problem is immediately obvious.
Despite this, the careful reader will find this an interesting work.
The Sleeping Giant: American Armed Forces Between the Wars, by J.E. Kaufman and H. W. Kaufman. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1996. xv, 213 pp. Tables, diagr., maps, charts, bibliog., index. $55.00. ISBN: 0-275-95256-8.
A book that sadly misses doing what it is supposed to do, tell us about the character and development of the armed forces from 1919 through 1941. More is said about coast artillery than about the development of amphibious warfare. In fact, while the bibliography lists several CA manuals, it makes no mention of the critically important Tentative Manual for Landing Operations (or, indeed, any other training or doctrinal Navy or Marine manual), which in the text the authors insist on referring to as the "Marine Corps Manual of 1934." In addition, while there is a lot of treatment of the many maneuvers held at the time, particularly in immediate pre-World War II there is little substantial analysis of how these influenced doctrine, tactics, equipment, and the like.
The book is weak on the technological side as well, so, for example, there is nothing on things like the adoption of the bazooka or the "walkie-talkie." One searches in vain for mention of John Lejeune or any other Commandant of the Marine Corps, but will find Homer Lea and Fiorello LaGuardia, for whatever reason. Despite this, the book has some valuable material, as the authors have reprinted whole portions of hard-to-find official reports and documents, including maps showing the locations of units at various times. Still, this hardly justifies the price.
On a stylistic note, the authors insist on using social science-type "documentation." Such parenthetical reference to an author and work right in the text makes for a poor read and is not particularly helpful to anyone seeking to pursue the matter further.
A book that could have been much better.
Military Innovation in the Interwar Period edited by Williamson Murray and Allan R. Millett. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996. xiii, 428pp. Bibliographic footnotes, index. No price given. ISBN: 0-521-55241-9
An interesting collection of ten essays, seven of which are devoted to innovative technologies developed between the two world wars (armored warfare, amphibious assault, strategic bombing, close air support, carrier aviation, submarine warfare, and radar), plus three that examine the phenomenon of military innovation itself.
The essays are generally good, but perhaps too focused on the abstract. For example, the enormously successful Spanish landings at Alhucemas Bay, in Morocco in 1927, are not mentioned. Soviet developments are almost completely ignored, and the Spanish Civil War of 1936-1939 is barely mentioned in a couple of places.
"For the Honor of the Regiment!"
Monarchs have long been in the habit of complimenting their fellow monarchs by conferring honorary military ranks upon each other. The undisputed champion holder of such honorary ranks was undoubtedly Franz Joseph of Austria-Hungary (reigned 1848-1916), who held an honorary colonelcy in every European army and was also an honorary field marshal in every army that had such a rank. A harmless pastime, the custom could nevertheless occasionally create problems for the honoree. This was particularly the case when he found himself at war with a country which had, in more friendly times, granted various military honors.
Franz Joseph was confronted with this problem at the onset of World War I. The Emperors favorite honorary colonelcy was that of Britain's King's Dragoon Guards. When Austria-Hungary found itself at war with Britain, His Imperial-and-Royal-Highness penned an unusual order:
"Should any officer or man of the King's Dragoon Guards be so unfortunate as to be taken prisoner, he is to be regarded as a personal guest for the duration of hostilities."
There is no record as to whether anyone ever benefited from Franz Joseph's honorable and chivalrous order. Moreover, by the time the old man died, notions of honor and chivalry were dead too, killed in the trenches along with millions of Europe's finest youth. Within months of his death, Britain and the other Allied powers canceled all honorary ranks and appointments held by enemy personnel.
The Civil War Bookshelf
While some of the works produced are often poor, one benefit of the seemingly endless flow of Civil War books is the extent to which subjects that might otherwise be neglected have received treatment. The results have often been surprising, as this look at some recently published Civil War books will demonstrate..
Chancellorsville by Stephen W. Sears. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1996. xii, 592pp. Illus, maps, append., notes, biliog, index. $29.95. ISBN: 0-395-69417-2.
In a substantial account of the May 1863 battle often termed "Lees Masterpiece," Sears attempts to revise prevailing views of General Joseph Hookers performance. While not wholly successful in this, Sears treatment of the battle is worth reading.
Gray Thunder: The Exploits of the Confederate States Navy by R. Thomas Campbell. Shippensburg, PA: Burd Street Press, 1996. vii, 212pp. Illus, plans,, notes, bibliog., index. $19.95. ISBN: 0-942597-99-0
An operational account of the Confederate Navy in the Civil War. Although the book does not provide a coherent overview of Confederate naval policy, administration, and strategy, it contains numerous excellent operational sketches, drawing upon many memoirs and first-hand accounts.
A Peoples Contest: The Union and Civil War, 1861-1865 by Phillip Shaw Paludan. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 1996. xxx, 486pp. Illus, notes, bibliographic essay, index. $14.95 paper. ISBN: 0-7006-0812-5.
An account of the Union during the Civil War, Paludans book, originally published in 1983, deals only peripherally with military operations, focussing on the changes the war created in northern society, including politics, mobilization, casualties, industrialization, culture, and so forth. Generally very good, the work fails in some minor points, such as attributing the New York Draft Riots solely to Irish working class resentment over the unfairness of the Enrollment Act, thereby ignoring longstanding tensions between the citys Irish community and its Republican upper crust.
W.W. Loring: Floridas Forgotten General by James W. Raab. Manhattan, KS: Sunflower University Press. 1996. xii, 263pp. Illus, maps, bibliog., index. $21.95 paper. ISBN: 0-89745-205-4.
A useful biography of one of the more interesting lower level Confederate generals of the Civil War. Loring managed not only to serve in the Valley under Jackson, and in the Vicksburg and Atlanta Campaigns, among others, but was also for a time a general in the Egyptian Army, serving with some success against the Abyssinians. A useful book for the serious student of the Civil War.
Island No. 10: Struggle for the Mississippi Valley by Larry J. Daniel and Lynn N. Bock. Tuscaloosa, AL: 1996. xi, 202pp. Illus, maps, tables, notes, bibliog, index. $24.95 paper. ISBN: 0-8173-0816-4.
A coherent, readable account of one of the more important, if obscure operations of the Civil War, the Union reduction of the Confederate bastion at Island Number 10, which blocked the Mississippi just below the Tennessee-Kentucky border. Not only did this open up the Mississippi to Union riverine forces, but it propelled John Pope into high command in the East with near disastrous results at Second Bull Run. Recommended.
Sumter is Avenged: The Siege and Reduction of Fort Pulaski by Herbert M. Schiller. Shippensburg, PA: White Mane, 1995. xiv, 201pp. Illus, maps, plans, tables, append, notes, bibliog., index. $29.95. ISBN: 0-942597-86-9.
An interesting account of the reduction of Fort Pulaski, which guarded the entrance of the Savannah River for the Confederacy, valuable for its treatment of the conduct of siege operations during. For students of fortifications, artillery, and the "March to the Sea."
Lincolns Foreign Legion: The 39th New York Infantry, the Garibaldi Guard by Michael Bacarella. Shippensburg, PA: White Mane, 1997. viii, 330pp. Illus, append, notes, bibliog., index. $34.95. ISBN: 1-57249-016-0.
A lively account of one of the most colorful, and gallant regiments that ever served under the American flag. Raised from foreign volunteers who came from some 35 countries and commanded by a wonderfully corrupt Hungarian adventurer, the regiment saw considerable hard service, and one notable moment of glory at Gettysburg on the evening of the disastrous second day. Worth reading.
The Hard Hand of War: Union Military Policy Towards Southern Civilians, 1861-1865 by Mark Grimsley. Cambridge & New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995. xii, 244pp.
Illus, maps, notes, bibliog, index. $29.95. ISBN: 0-521-46257-6.
A study of the evolution of the increasingly harsher military government policies instituted by the Union in the occupied South as the Civil War went. Although the harder treatment accorded civilians towards the end of the war by no means approached the commonplace brutality of the Twentieth Century, the trend was certainly evident.
Some Recent Military Books
Beating Plowshares into Swords: The Political Economy of American Warfare, 1606-1865 by Paul A. C. Koistinen. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 1996. xv, 370pp. Bibliographic footnotes, index. $39.95. ISBN: 0-7006-0791-9.
A study of economic mobilization in America from colonial times to the end of the Civil War. Although the latter conflict occupies most of the book (c. 70%), earlier events, notably the American Revolution and the War of 1812, are reasonably well treated. The book includes an enormous amount of valuable material, and the footnotes should not be overlooked.
The Late Roman Army by Pat Southern and Karen Ramsey Dixon. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1996. xxvii, 206pp. Illus, maps, tables, plans, notes, bibliog., index. $30.00. ISBN: 0-300-06843-3
A very good survey of the evolution of the Roman Army from the late second century to the proverbial fall in the fifth. Unfortunately, although there is a chapter on morale, most of the book is devoted to the material aspects of warfare, and there is little on strategy, operations, logistics, and tactics.
Arming the French: France and the Limits of Military Planning by Eugenia C. Kiesling. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas: 1996. xiv, 260pp. Notes, bibliog, index. $35.00. ISBN: 0-7006-0764-1.
In an immensely important fresh look at French military planning between the world wars, Prof. Kiesling points out that the French high command, not blind to developments in warfare by the Germans, adopted policies and doctrines that they believed would be effective against the revitalized German Army. She then proceeds to point out the cultural, economic, and political reasons why the French proved unable effectively to implement such policies.
A Campaign in New Mexico with Colonel Doniphan by Frank S. Edwards, with a foreword by Mark L. Gardner. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press: 1996. xxvi, 138pp. Illus, maps, append. $18.95 paper. ISBN: 0-8263-1698-0.
A first hand account by a participant of one of the most notable marches in American military history, the more than 3000 mile trek of a volunteer column under Col. Alexander W. Doniphan from Fort Leavenworth, across Kansas, Colorado, New Mexico, and all of northern Mexico, during the Mexican-American War. The author, who flits in and out of history with this work, was a perceptive, literate young man, who gives us a number of excellent word pictures of the little army on the march, in camp, and in action, during its anabasis.
Relieved of Command by Benjamin S. Persons. Manhattan, KS: Sunflower University Press, 1997. x, 190pp. Illus, maps, bibliog., index. $20.95 paper. ISBN: 0-89745-204-6.
The author examines nine cases in which senior American army officers were relieved of command during World War II. Although the subject is one deserving of a critical treatment, this work does not provide such. The book is uncritical, and the author generally sympathizes with the officers relieved, particularly with those relieved by officers of other services, one each by the Navy and Marines.
Mutiny: A History of Naval Insurrection by Leonard F. Guttridge. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1992. 318pp. Illus, bibliographic footnotes, index. $29.95. ISBN: 0-87021-281-8.
A look at mutiny in modern naval history. All of the famous mutinies are here, including those of the Bounty the Potemkin, as well as those in the German, Russian, and Austrian fleets in World War I, and the Royal Navy in both the eighteenth and twentieth centuries. Nor is the U.S. Navy neglected, with the Somers affair, the Port Chicago Mutiny, and the collective disorders that were labeled "mutiny" during the Vietnam War being included. Several of the accounts, including that on Port Chicago, are rather revisionist, and likely to irk the politically correct. A valuable book.
A Very Long Weekend: The Army National Guard in Korea, 1950-1953 by William Berebitsky. Shippensburg, PA: White Mane, 1996. xiii, 293pp. Illus, maps, append., notes, bibliog, index. $34.95. ISBN: 1-57249-022-5
This work deals with an overlooked aspect of the Korean War, the activation of a sizable portion of the National Guard, including four entire divisions plus tens of thousands of individuals as replacements. Although useful and welcome, A Very Long Weekend is not wholly satisfactory as a history of the National Guard in the Korean War. The book looks at the subject essentially through the eyes of the individual guardsmen, many of whom are quoted at length.
The 90th Division in World War I: The Texas-Oklahoma Draft Division in the Great War by Lonnie J. White. Manhattan, KS: Sunflower University Press, 1996. xii, 206pp. Illus, maps, notes, bibliog, index. No price given. ISBN: 0-89745-191-0
A good account of one of the AEFs draftee divisions. The book gives adequate treatment to the organization and training of the division, covers its combat missions, and manages to fit it into the larger framework of American operations in the war.
The View from the Turret: The 743rd Tank Battalion During World War II by William B. Folkestad. Shippensberg, PA: Burd Street Press, 1996. xii, 146pp. Illus, maps, notes, bibliog, index. No price given. ISBN: 1-57249-001-2
An interesting unit history, like most such The View from the Turret tends to focus overmuch on the importance of the units actions. Since the 743rd Tanks was the only US tank battalion to land on Omaha Beach more or less intact, and then went on to have a hand in numerous other actions, such over emphasis is understandable. An interesting yarn, marred by the authors lack of in depth experience in military history.
New References of Note
Over the last few years Garland Publishing Company of New York has been issuing The Military History of the United States, a series of encyclopedic reference works of considerable quality. The most recent volume are noted below.
Colonial Wars of North America, 1512-1763: An Encyclopedia edited by Alan Gallay. New York: Garland, 1996. xxiii, 856pp. Maps, references, index. $95.00 ISBN: 0-8240-7208-1.
Colonial Wars of North America contains hundreds of entries on an interesting and valuable range of topics. In addition to entries on individuals (English, French, Spanish, and Indian), battles and campaigns, and many towns, forts, and other locations, the work contains analytic discussions of colonial policy, international relations, and military practice. Expensive, but worthwhile.
The War of 1898 and U.S. Interventions, 1898-1934: An Encyclopedia edited by Benjamin R. Beede. New York: Garland, 1994. xxv, 751pp. Maps, tables, appendices, references, index. $$95.00. ISBN: 0-8240-5624-8.
Although rather clumsily titled, this work provides an excellent reference for U.S. operations in the Spanish-American and Philippine-American Wars, and American interventions in Latin America until the 1930s, for which the work is perhaps most valuable.
The United States in the First World War: An Encyclopedia edited by Anne Cirpiano Venzon. New York: Garland, 1995. xx, 830pp. Maps, references, index. $95.00. ISBN: 0-8240-7088-0
Although not as good as the two aforenoted volumes in the series, being somewhat wanting in accuracy with regard to certain European aspects of the war, The United States in the First World War is still quite useful to anyone seriously interested in the Great War, including not only entries for individuals, campaigns, and even specific divisions, but some valuable treatments of weaponry and trench warfare..
The Korean War: An Encyclopedia edited by Stanley Sandler. New York: Garland, 1995. xxxiv, 415pp. Illus, maps, tables, references, chron, bibliog., index. $75.00. ISBN: 0-8240-4445-2
Although very useful, this volume does not meet the higher standards of the earlier ones. Although many things are adequately covered, omissions are often surprising and serious. For example, treatment of the North Korean Peoples Army is more extensive and more detailed than that for the Republic of Korea Army.
NYMAS Membership Notes
On 13 March 1997 Member Kay Larson spoke at the Coast Guard Officers Association, in Washington, on "Overview of Women in American Military History." Later that same day Ms. Larson delivered a lecture to Dr. Linda Grant DePauws Civil War History Class, at George Washington University, on "Union Military Strategy in the West."
Board member Prof. Kathleen Williams will be presenting a paper on "The WAVES and Naval Technology" at Siena College, 29-30 May, as part of a conference devoted to "The Military, Past and Future, 1937-1947." Also participating in the conference will be NYMAS Treasurer Prof. Richard L. DiNardo, who will be serving as a commentator.
NYMAS Secretary Dr. Albert A. Nofis The Spanish-American War has just been published by Combined Books. He is currently working on Honor the Brave, a short military history of the United States.
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