CHANGJIN JOURNAL   Table of Contents
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The Changjin Journal is designed to disseminate and solicit information on the Chosin campaign. Comments and brief essays are invited. Subject matter will be limited to history of the Chosin campaign, as well as past or present interpretation of that history. Colonel George A. Rasula, USA-Ret., Chosin Historian

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Table of Contents

Korea, 1950-51  The Changjin Journal:
The Chosin Campaign


From Iwon to Chosin: A Photo Essay

Editor: Colonel George A. Rasula, USA (Ret .)

 

No. Date
Click in this column to go to the issue
Contents
1. 01.11.00 CJ (01) INTRODUCTION TO THE CHANGJIN JOURNAL
Designed to disseminate and solicit information on the Chosin campaign.
AAA UNITS; TASK FORCE DOG; 3d AAA (AW) BN; 50th AAA (AW) BN; RCT 31 COMMANDERS
2.

 

01.20.00 CJ (02) REVISITING AAA units.
COLD: A STATE OF MIND
3. 02.01.00 CJ (03) Korean War 50th Anniversary activities.
New York Military Affairs Symposium
4. 02.04.00 CJ (04) CCF PLAN WAS TO ATTACK 5TH MARINES EAST OF CHOSIN
Chinese commo caused delays between planning and execution
5. 02.18.00 CJ (05) CHINESE DOCUMENTS, CCF AT CHOSIN
ROY APPLEMAN ON CCF LIMITATIONS
6. 02.27.00 CJ (06) PFC EDWARD REEVES
KING COMPANY, 31st INFANTRY
7. 03.04.00 CJ (07) THE NUMBERS GAME: FACT, FICTION OR HYPE
8. 03.08.00  CJ (08) BOOK REVIEW: BREAKOUT by Martin Russ
9. 03.16.00 CJ (09) Military History Activities; Administration [of CJ]; Future Issues.
10. 03.26.00 CJ (10)
SOLDIERS AND SURVIVAL
CHINESE SOLDIER'S PROBLEMS
11. 03.31.00 CJ (11) LITZENBERG ON COLD & CASUALTIES; FREEZE DRYING by GAR.
12. 04.08.00 CJ (12) MEDICS ON COLD INJURIES, THE MEDICS WAR
13. 04.15.00 CJ (13)
THE ELEVENTH ENDORSEMENT, MAJ. GEN. SMITH
NAVY PRESIDENTIAL UNIT CITATION (PUC)
14. 04.28.00 CJ (14) THE NINTH ENDORSEMENT, U.S. ARMY
NAVY PRESIDENTIAL UNIT CITATION (PUC)
15. 05.06.00 CJ (15) ARMY UNITS IN NINTH ENDORSEMENT
16. 05.15.00 CJ (16) THE BATTLE OF SUOMUSALMI
FINLAND'S WINTER WAR 1939-40.
17. 05.21.00 CJ (17) BOOK REVIEW: THE DRAGON STRIKES by Pat Roe (an announcement)
REFERENCES, BOOKS ON CHOSIN
18. 05.29.00 CJ (18) MEMORIAL DAY: REMEMBRANCE
WALKING THE STONES - GAR
19. 06.15.00 CJ (19) BOOK REVIEW: FOX SEVEN by Howard Koon
FOX HILL, TOKTONG PASS
20. 06.20.00 CJ (20) WHERE WAS E COMPANY?
WINTER ON THE YALU by James Dill
21. 06.22.00 CJ (21) WINTER ON THE YALU continues
THE WARMING TENT
23. 07.30.00 CJ (23) SOUTH KOREA BEFORE THE WAR, 1948-49
FLYING THE 38TH PARALLEL

UNITS WITHDRAW FROM SOUTH KOREA
24. 08.06.00 CJ (24) UNITS AND READINESS, JUNE 1950
RCT & TASK FORCE DEFINITIONS
25. 08.18.00 CJ (25) READINESS CONTINUES
26. 08.31.00 CJ (26) TERRAIN AND WEATHER; THE TAEBAEK SPLIT
PHYSIOGRAPHY AND MILITARY PERCEPTIONS
27. 09.10.00 CJ (27) SIGNAL DEFENSE OF HAGARU by Eric Matske.
X CORPS SIGNAL REPORT
28. 09.25.00 CJ (28) COMPANY D, 10TH ENGINEERS AND 4TH SIGNAL
BOOK REVIEW: SIGNAL SOLDIERS; BATTLE OF EAST HILL by Lt. Jack Colborn.
29. 10.15.00 CJ (29) BOOK REVIEW: ENTER THE DRAGON
BOOK REVIEW: THE DRAGON STRIKES
30. 10.30.00 CJ (30) BOOK REVIEW:FOUR DAYS AND FIVE NIGHTS by Herbert Bryant
3d BATTALION, 31st INFANTRY EAST OF CHOSIN
31. 04.30.01 CJ
(31)
History of the Chosin Story
32. 11.01.01 CJ (32) BOOK REVIEW: GENERAL O. P. SMITH: THE GENTLE WARRIOR: General Oliver Prince Smith, USMC, by Clifton La Bree,
33. 11.27.01 CJ Bringing Them Home With Honors
34. 01.31.02 CJ BOOK REVIEW: FORMIDABLE ENEMIES: The North Korean and Chinese Soldier in the Korean War by Kevin Mahoney
35. 02.28.02 CJ Hudong-ni where Colonel MacLean established the first command post of RCT 31.
36. 03.25.02 CJ Hudong-ni units and personal experiences.  First night of the Chinese offensive east of Chosin.
37. 04.30.02 CJ "As I remember, the first word about the attacks north of Hudong came via the command radio net..."
38. 05.30.02 CJ Actions at HUDONG, letters written more than 20 years ago by Eric Hammel and Roy Appleman 
39. 08.01.02 CJ A comparison between the motti tactics used by the Finns against the Soviets during their Winter War of 1939-40 and that of the Chinese encirclement of the Americans during the Chosin Campaign, November-December 1950.
40. 11.01.02 CJ Dear Lucy letters - events leading up to the Chosin deployment.
41. 15.12.02 CJ Colonel Edward L. Magill, JAGC, USAR (Ret) to Roy E. Appleman, written shortly after reading Appleman's book  Escaping the Trap. This was also the basis for "Ted" Magill's presentation of the artillery story at a Chosin Few reunion.
42.-45. 01.15.03 - 01.30.03 More of a series of letters that were first published in CJ 11.01.02. Here we begin the day after arrival at Hamhung when survivors from Chosin were greeted by the newly formed headquarters of the 31st Infantry Regiment with Colonel John Gavin commanding.
46. 02.28.03 The breakout from Hagaru-ri to Koto-ri with emphasis on the organization and operations of the Army "Provisional Battalion."
47. 05.01.03 Continuing the breakout from Koto-ri to the Funchilin Pass, with emphasis on the organization and operations of the Army "Provisional Battalion" and extracts from Major General O.P. Smith's "Aide Memoire" to highlight the Marine version of the story.
48. 07.10.03 Koto-ri from the point of view of the 2d Battalion, 31st Infantry (2/31)
49. 10.30.03 Koto-ri through the eyes of individual participants
50. 11.27.03 BOOK REVIEW: Mao's Generals Remember Korea
51. 02.28.04 Breakout by Hugh Robbins
52.10.10.04Newly published pamphlet by the Marine Corps titled FROZEN CHOSIN: U.S. Marines at the Changjin Reservoir
53.11.11.04Newly published pamphlet by the Marine Corps titled FROZEN CHOSIN: U.S. Marines at the Changjin Reservoir (continued)
54.12.12.04
Continues our review of the Marine Corps pamphlet titled FROZEN CHOSIN: U.S. Marines at the Changjin Reservoir, by retired Marine historian BGen Edwin H. Simmons
55.02.22.05Takes portions of Fighting the Russians in Winter by Dr. Allen F. Chew and relates it to the Chosin experience, including some photographs from the Soviet winter war against Finland as well as North Korea 1950.
56.06.25.05The 1st Battalion, 32nd Infantry, in the form of a after-action report dated October 1953
57.09.25.05 Continues with background material regarding the activities of the 1st Battalion 32d infantry. This is a report dated October 1953 by the battalionís operations officer (S-3), Maj. Wesley J. Curtis, written at the USMA West Point between September 1951 and January 1953
58.11.27.05We look back at those who didnít make it to Hagaru-ri where the evacuation aircraft were waiting, and also those who suffered their end during the breakout from Hagaru-ri to Hungnam
59.01.31.06The Chosin Campaign from the viewpoint of the Aide-Memoire of Major General O.P. Smith, commander of the 1st Marine Division
60.02.28.06This issue covers the movement of RCT-5 into the Sinhung Valley, a sector northeast of the primary MSR to the Chosin, a road that was believed may extend to the Fusen Reservoir
61.03.31.06More of the Chosin Campaign from the viewpoint of the Aide-Memoire of Major General O.P. Smith, commander of the 1st Marine Division
62.09.01.06We continue the 2006 series of the Changjin Journal addressing the Chosin Campaign from the viewpoint of Maj. Gen. O.P. Smith, commander of the 1st Marine Division.
63.11.27.06The original essay by Lt. James Mortrude including maps from the Chosin Chronology, an aerial photo of the Inlet with map from MSgt Edward H. Smith, USMC
64.03.25.07Continues the 2006 series of the Changjin Journal addressing the Chosin Campaign from the viewpoint of Maj. Gen. O.P. Smith, commander of the 1st Marine Division  #1
65.05.15.07Continues the 2006 series of the Changjin Journal addressing the Chosin Campaign from the viewpoint of Maj. Gen. O.P. Smith, commander of the 1st Marine Division.  #2
66.05.30.07Continues the 2006 series of the Changjin Journal addressing the Chosin Campaign from the viewpoint of Maj. Gen. O.P. Smith, commander of the 1st Marine Division.  #3
67.07.15.07Continues the 2006 series of the Changjin Journal addressing the Chosin Campaign from the viewpoint of Maj. Gen. O.P. Smith, commander of the 1st Marine Division.  #4
68.08.30.07Continues the 2006 series of the Changjin Journal addressing the Chosin Campaign from the viewpoint of Maj. Gen. O.P. Smith, commander of the 1st Marine Division.  #5
69.

11.10.07
 

Here General Smith addresses the orders issued by X Corps and 1MarDiv for the attack west from Yudam-ni on 27 November, the attack west by 2/5 Marines which opened the door to the presence of Chinese in force, as well as other indicators of enemy presence from patrols of  the 7th Marines.
70.01.20.08 From the viewpoint of Maj. Gen. O.P. Smith: The first indicator of Chinese determination to control the actions in the Chosin area, in effect setting the stage for their planned encirclement on all area north of the Funchilin Pass;  includes comments from various sources.
7106.30.08In this issue we move to Gen. Smithís coverage of RCT-31 east of the reservoir, a topic that will contain many comments by this editor because it not only contains errors, but also exposes his limited knowledge of what had happened in that action, as well as noting an attempt to absolve his command of responsibility for a subordinate command, in this case an Army Regimental Combat Team.
7210.15.08 In this issue we cover actions taken to open the road between Yudam-ni and Hagaru-ri, followed by the defense of Fox Hill in the Toktong Pass by F Company, 2/7 Marines.
7306.10.09Maj. Gen. Smith addresses the enemy situation from an after-the-fact point of view.
7411.15.09In this issue, Maj. Gen. Smith addresses the defense of Hagaru-ri.and the enemy situation from an after-the-fact point of view.
7505.15.10Initial directives of X Corps regarding protection of the MSR, regrouping of units in the Chosin Reservoir area, and activities at and south of Chinhung-ni where the Chinese had been attempting a deep envelopment.
7612.12.12The foundation of this issue began some years ago after the publication of my e-book The Chosin Chronology: Battle of the Changjin Reservoir 1950 wherein the sacrifice of Task Force Faith was addressed in the summary.
  The Photo Essay

From Iwon to Chosin: A Photo Essay  

 

  A Photo Essay

Before Deployment: In Japan: A Photo Essay  

 

The new e-mail address for the Changjin Journal is <grasula@nymas.org>

End notes:

  • Comments and brief essays are invited. Since this is being published for dissemination through the internet, we will try to limit each issue to no more than two pages. Issues will be identified by month/day/year, such as "01.11.00".

  • Subject matter will be limited to history of the Chosin campaign, as well as past or present interpretation of that history.

  • If you wish to be put on, or taken off, the distribution list, please send your request with full name, military unit and email address.

    Colonel George A. Rasula
    USA-Ret
    grasula@nymas.org
    * * *

 

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